Frohard-Dourlent, H, Dobson S, Clark B, Doull M, Saewyc E. “I would have preferred more options”: accounting for non-binary youth in health research. Nursing Inquiry. 24 (2017): 1-9.

As a research team focused on vulnerable youth, we increasingly need to find ways to acknowledge non-binary genders in health research. Youth have become more vocal about expanding notions of gender beyond traditional categories of boy/man and girl/woman. Integrating non-binary identities into established research processes is a complex undertaking in a culture that often assumes […]

Research on LGB Teens’ Sport Participation

Our research on LGB youth participation in sports has been covered by several news outlets. It’s the first of its kind.

Porta C, Gower A, Mehus C, Yu X, Saewyc E, Eisenberg, M (2017). “Kicked out”: LGBTQ youths’ bathroom experiences and preferences. Journal of Adolescence. 56 (2017): 107-112.

Abstract Attention toward who can use which gender binary, multi-stall bathroom has brought to the forefront, once again, the ways in which youth are supported or marginalized. No study has documented sexual and gender minority youths’ experiences with and perspectives about bathrooms. We collected qualitative data in 2014–2015. Participants were 25 lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, […]

Marion Doull, Ryan J. Watson, Annie Smith, Yuko Homma, Elizabeth Saewyc, Are we leveling the playing field? Trends and disparities in sports participation among sexual minority youth in Canada, Journal of Sport and Health Science (2016), 1-9.

Sports participation and physical fitness are widely beneficial for young people, yet activity levels among young people are declining. Despite growing popular media attention on the participation of sexual minority (e.g., lesbian, gay, and bisexual) youth in sports and various campaigns to improve the often homophobic climate of sports, there is limited evidence that sexual […]

Adjei, J, Saewyc E (2017). Boys are not exempt: Sexual exploitation of adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa. Child Abuse & Neglect. 65 (2017): 14-23.

Research on youth sexual exploitation in Africa has largely neglected the experiences of exploited boys. To date, much of the research in sub-Saharan Africa continues to consider boys mainly as exploiters but not as exploited. Using the only publicly available population-based surveys from the National Survey of Adolescents, conducted in four sub-Saharan African countries — […]

Wolowic J, Heston L, Saewyc E, Porta C, Eisenberg M (2016). Chasing the rainbow: lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer youth and pride semiotics. Culture, Health and Sexuality. 2016 Nov 10:1-15

While the pride rainbow has been part of political and social intervention for decades, few have researched how lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer young people perceive and use the symbol. How do lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer youth who experience greater feelings of isolation and discrimination than heterosexual youth recognise and deploy the […]

Smith, A., Stewart, D., Poon, C., Peled, M., Saewyc, E. and McCreary Centre Society. (2014). From Hastings Street to Haida Gwaii: Provincial results of the 2013 BC Adolescent Health Survey.McCreary Centre Society

The 2013 BC Adolescent Health Survey was administered to almost 30,000 public school students across the province. It provides a comprehensive look at the health of youth aged 12–19. The results from the survey show us that British Columbia youth come from increasingly diverse backgrounds. For example, between 2008 and 2013 the percentage of students […]

Dick B, Ferguson J, Saewyc E, Baltag V, & Bosek K.(2014). Health for the World’s Adolescents: A Second Chance in the Second Decade of Life.World Health Organization

The achievements since the 1989 World Health Assembly Resolution on the health of adolescents underpin this report. It synthesizes the progress made and the many lessons learned about rectifying the misconceptions about adolescent health, developing consensus on core indicators, better analysing the available data, strengthening the evidence base for effective interventions across a range of […]

Poon C, Smith A, Saewyc E, & McCreary Centre Society. (2015). Sexual health of youth in BC. McCreary Centre Society

In 2013, the h BC Adolescent Health Survey (BC AHS) was completed by nearly 30,000 students in grades 7 to 12 in public schools across British Columbia. Sexual health was one of many topics covered in the survey. Youth were asked about their sexual health behaviours and sexual experiences. As some youth do not consider engaging in oral […]

Smith A, Peled M, Poon C, Stewart D, Saewyc E, & McCreary Centre Society. (2015). We all have a role: Building social capital among youth in care. McCreary Centre Society

Research has shown the value of social capital in relation to an individual’s health, happiness, and improved life expectancy, as well as the benefits to a community of having social networks that can come together to support the community and make positive change happen. Using data from the 2013 BC Adolescent Health Survey which was […]

Smith A, Stewart D, Poon C, Peled M, Saewyc E, & McCreary Centre Society. (2015). Our communities, our youth: The health of homeless and street-involved youth in BC. McCreary Centre Society

Youth across British Columbia most commonly first became homeless or street-involved when they were 13 or 14 years old, although more than a quarter (28%) first became homeless at a younger age. As in 2006, Aboriginal youth were over-represented among homeless and street-involved youth (53% of survey respondents). Other marginalized groups of youth who were […]

McInnis OA, Young MM, Saewyc E, Jahrig J, Adlaf E, Lemaire J, Taylor S, Pickett W, Stephens M, Di Gioacchino L, Pica L, Levin D, Tonita A, Wang H, and Xiong H. (2015). Urban and rural student substance use: Technical report. Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse

Background Differences in economic, cultural, social and educational factors between urban and rural areas in Canada might influence behavioural and mental health outcomes. However, most research assessing differences in urban and rural patterns of substance use has been conducted in the United States. Within Canada, information is limited on whether students who attend urban and […]

Smith A, Stewart D, Poon C, Peled M, Saewyc E, & McCreary Centre Society. (2015). How many is too many for BC youth? Alcohol use and associated harms. McCreary Centre Society

Among 12- to 19-year-olds who completed the 2013 BC Adolescent Health Survey (BC AHS), 45% of males and females had tried alcohol. With this percentage of BC students consuming alcohol it is important to establish the level at which use becomes harmful. Some people would argue that any use is risky, and some of the […]

Saewyc EM. (2016). Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) in Canada: Focus on Relationships – Chapter 14. Sexual Health. Public Health Agency of Canada

Sexual health is an important aspect of adolescent development, and the results from the most recent HBSC study are in line with other evidence in Canada that suggests sexual health is continuing to improve among adolescents in Grades 9 and 10 (Poon et al., 2015; McKay & Barrett, 2010). That youth are waiting longer before […]

Saewyc, EM. (2016). Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) in Canada: Focus on Relationships – Chapter 13. Substance Use. Public Health Agency of Canada

Although the continuing decline of cigarette smoking among adolescents in Canada is good news, the emergence of e-cigarettes use among adolescents bears watching. At present, the research is limited on the health effects of the liquids in e-cigarettes, and it is unclear whether they serve as a route to nicotine dependence and regular tobacco use […]

Tourand, J., Smith, A., Poon, C., Saewyc,E. & McCreary Centre Society. (2016). Raven’s Children IV: Aboriginal youth health in BC.McCreary Centre Society

There have been many improvements in Aboriginal youth health over the past decade. For example, there was a decrease in the percentage reporting serious injuries and an increase in those eating fruit and vegetables. Youth were less likely to have tried tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, or other substances than in previous years; and the percentages who […]

Creighton G*, MacMillan E*, Oliffe J, Saewyc E. (2015). Living for the moment: Men consider risk practices following the death of a friend.Sociology of Health and Illness. 37(3): 355-369.

The primary cause of death for men under the age of 30 is unintentional injury and, despite health-promotion efforts and programme interventions, male injury and death rates have not decreased in recent years. Drawing on 22 interviews from a study of men, risk and grief, we describe how a risk-related tragedy shaped the participants’ understandings […]

Mitchell K*, Roberts A, Gilbert M, Homma Y*, Warf C, Daly K*, Saewyc, E. (2015). Improving the accuracy of Chlamydia trachomatis incidence rate estimates among adolescents in Canada. Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality. 24(1): 12-18.

In this study, the authors assessed the impact of adjusting for sexual activity on population-based chlamydia incidence and screening rates among adolescents in the province of British Columbia (BC), Canada. They estimated the proportion of adolescent males (15 years-18 years) and females (14 years-18 years) who had ever had sexual intercourse using data from a […]

Blander E*, Saewyc E. (2015). Adolescent reactions to icon-driven response modes in a tablet-based health screening tool. Computing, Informatics, & Nursing. 33(5): 181-8.

Increasingly popular touch-screen electronic tablets offer clinics a new medium for collecting adolescent health screening data in the waiting area before visits, but there has been limited evaluation of interactive response modes. This study investigated the clarity, comprehensibility, and utility of icon-driven and gestural response functions employed in one such screening tool, TickiT. We conducted […]

Edinburgh LD, Harpin S, Pape-Blabolil J, Saewyc E. (2015). Assessing exploitation experiences of adolescent girls and boys seen at a Child Advocacy Center. Child Abuse & Neglect. 46: 47-59.

The primary aim of this study was to describe the abuse experiences of sexually exploited runaway adolescents seen at a Child Advocacy Center (N = 62). We also sought to identify risk behaviors, attributes of resiliency, laboratory results for sexually transmitted infection (STI) screens, and genital injuries from colposcopic exams. We used retrospective mixed-methods with in-depth forensic […]

Moynihan M*, Saewyc E, Whitehouse S, Paone M, McPherson G. (2015). Assessing readiness for transition from paediatric to adult health care: Revision and psychometric evaluation of the “Am I ON TRAC for Adult Care”. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 71(6): 1324-1355.

Aim To refine and psychometrically test the Am I ON TRAC for Adult Care questionnaire. Background Inadequate transition to adult care for adolescents with special healthcare needs has been associated with greater risk of treatment non-adherence, lack of medical follow-up, increased morbidity and mortality. Presently, there are no well-validated measures assessing adolescents’ readiness to transition […]

Al Makadma A, Moynihan M*, Dobson S, Saewyc E. (2015). Tobacco use among adolescents in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health. 27(3): 357-360.

Initiation of smoking behavior during adolescence is associated with negative health outcomes. Understanding initiation of smoking behavior in adolescents in relation to other behavioral, health, and environmental factors is essential for effective behavioral modification. The aim of this study was to describe tobacco use behaviors among adolescents in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and related demographic and […]

Jenkins E*, Johnson J, Bungay V, Kothari A, & Saewyc E. (2015). Divided and disconnected – an examination of young people’s experiences with emotional distress within the context of their everyday lives. Health & Place. 35: 105-112.

This paper is based on a qualitative study conducted in a rural community in British Columbia, Canada. Ethnographic methods were used to: (1) to bring youth voice to the literature on emotional distress; and (2) to capture the ways in which context shapes young peoples’ experiences of emotional distress within their everyday lives. Our findings […]

Homma Y*, Wong S, Zumbo B, Saewyc E.(2015). Ethnic identity and sexual initiation among East Asian youth in Canada.Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health. 17(5): 1580-1584.

Despite the large number of East Asian youth in Canada, little is known about their health and risk behaviors. We examined the relationship between ethnic identity and sexual initiation among East Asians. This secondary analysis of a population-based survey selected 4,311 students in 7-12th grades who described themselves as East Asian (e.g., Chinese, Japanese, Korean). […]

Creighton G*, Matthews J, Oliffe J, Saewyc E. (2016). “Dulling the edges”: Young men’s use of alcohol to deal with grief following the death of a male friend. Health Education & Behavior. 43(1): 54-60.

The death of a male friend can be challenging for men because expressions of grief can be governed and restrained by dominant ideals of masculinity. It is common for young men to engage in health risk practices, such as alcohol overuse, to deal with feelings of sadness. This qualitative study investigated the ways that young […]

Ybarra M, Rosario M, Saewyc E, Goodenow C. (2016). Sexual behaviors and partner characteristics among lesbian, bisexual, and other sexual minority adolescent women compared to their heterosexual peers. Journal of Adolescent Health. 58(3): 310-16.

Purpose Data suggest that lesbian and bisexual adolescents engage in risky sexual behaviors at higher rates than heterosexual girls. Whether these findings also apply to girls of other sexual identities is less well understood. Potential differences in risky sexual behaviors reported by lesbian versus bisexual adolescents are also underreported in the literature. Methods Data were […]

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